This study, published in the Journal of Critical Care, explores the association between strained ICU capacity and healthcare costs, and demonstrates the admissions to ICUs experiencing strain incur incremental costs, attributed to longer hospitalization and physician services.
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The outcome of IHE initiatives is providing better information for developing health policy and best medical practices. IHE disseminates information in many ways. In addition to publications in peer-reviewed journals, IHE produces books and a variety of reports synthesizing information in a particular field.
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Little is known about the resource use and cost burden of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) beyond the index event. We examined resource use and care costs during the first and each subsequent year, among patients with incident AMI.
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the trends and regional variation of stroke hospital care in 30-day in-hospital mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS), and 1-year total hospitalization cost after implementation of the Alberta Provincial Stroke Strategy.
Objective: The objective of this paper is to estimate the additional mental health service costs incurred within the criminal justice system that are incurred because of people with mental illnesses who go through the system. Our focus is on costs in Alberta.
Abstract: Canada having a universal health insurance plan that provides hospital and physician benefits offers a natural experiment of whether continuity ofcare actually provides lower or higher utilization of services. The question we are evaluating is whether Canadians, who have a regular physician, use more health resources than those who do not have one? Using two statistical…
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in health services utilization (HSU) costs in the first year of life between low birth weight (LBW) and normal birth weight (NBW) infants, identify maternal and child characteristics associated with HSU costs, and estimate annual HSU cost of LBW infants for the province of Alberta, Canada.
Abstract: Alberta's Primary Care Networks (PCNs) bring together family physicians and other health professionals to provide local, comprehensive, and readily accessible primary care services to patients. The Edmonton North PCN, one of the largest in the province, piloted the Resource in Clinic (RIC) Program with objectives to increase efficiencies in the use of physician…
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the short-term cost impact thatmedical tourism for bariatric surgery has on a public healthcare system. Due to long wait times for bariatric surgery services, Canadians are venturing to private clinics in other provinces/countries. Postoperative care in this population not only burdens the provincial health system…
Objectives: To estimate the annual health services utilization (HSU) cost per person with FASD by sex and age; the lifetime HSU cost per person with FASD by sex, and the annual HSU cost of FASD for Alberta by sex.
BACKGROUND: Interest in the well-being of physicians has increased because of their contributions to the healthcare system quality. There is growing recognition that physicians are exposed to workplace factors that increase the risk of work stress. Long-term exposure to high work stress can result in burnout. Reports from around the world suggest that about one-third to…
Summary of Systematic Reviews, Primary Studies, and Evidence-based Guidelines. The following research questions were addressed in this review: What are the clinical effects of a universal screening strategy for ARO carriage when compared with no screening? What are the clinical effects of a universal screening strategy for ARO carriage when compared with targeted screening (screening…
BACKGROUND: Interest in the impact of burnout on physicians has been growing because of the possible burden this may have on health care systems. The objective of this study is toestimate the cost of burnout on early retirement and reduction in clinical hours of practicingphysicians in Canada.
INTRODUCTION: Varicella vaccine was introduced to the infant immunization schedule in each province or territory between 2000 and 2007 as a result of the Canadian ImmunizationStrategy. The impact of vaccinating children against this disease is potentially far reaching, asimmunization may also benefit those segments of the population not immunized. The objective of this paper…
Abstract: Medical wait time is a top health policy issue in Canada. Reliable data on the referral wait time from primary to specialty care are limited. Existing data on referral wait times are generally self-reported by specialists. In 2008, the Edmonton North Primary Care Network (PCN) developed a Centralized Referral Program, including a specialist database that contains…
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-performance (P4P) is increasingly touted as a means to improve health care quality. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of P4P remuneration targeting individual health careproviders.
Abstract: The potential risks to patient safety in a primary care setting are different than the risks to patient safety in an acute care setting. The main differences arise from the organisational structures of primary care delivery and the greater involvement of patients in their care. To account for these differences, we present the Patient Safety in Primary Care Framework…
For which strategies of suicide prevention is there evidence of effectiveness? This report aims to synthesize research findings from existing systematic reviews to address two questions: What types of preventive interventions have been evaluated in the published literature? Which strategies have good-quality evidence to support them? Limited evidence - as well as variability by…
OBJECTIVES: The recent emphasis on knowledge translation (KT) in health care is based on the premise that quality of care improves when research findings are translated into practice. This study aimed to identify the extent, nature, and settings of KT research pertaining to the care of older adults.
Routine Preoperative Tests - Are They Necessary? is about routine preoperative testing on otherwise healthy patients who are scheduled for elective surgery. This report is a synopsis of the findings from some of the major health technology assessments and systematic reviews on preoperative testing published during the last two decades. The implications of these results for Alberta…