Delay in transfer from intensive care unit (ICU) may contribute to strained capacity. Using a population-based patient cohort in 17 ICUs in Alberta between 2012 and 2016, this paper describes the epidemiologic features and healthcare costs attributable to potentially avoidable delays in ICU discharge. Potentially avoidable discharge delay occurred in approximately 70% of ICU patients…
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The outcome of IHE initiatives is providing better information for developing health policy and best medical practices. IHE disseminates information in many ways. In addition to publications in peer-reviewed journals, IHE produces books and a variety of reports synthesizing information in a particular field.
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Summary: We examined the association between optimal control of dyslipidemia and mortality and healthcare costs in patients with high risk for cardiovascular disease (HRCVD) between 2012-2016 in Alberta, Canada. HRCVD patients who were optimally controlled had lower mortality and incurred modestly higher costs, compared to those who were not. Secondary prevention patients with…
Objective: To ascertain knowledge gaps in the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) in the primary care setting to prepare a scoping survey for identifying knowledge gaps in LBP management among Alberta's primary care practitioners, and to identify potential barriers to implementing a multidisciplinary LBP guideline. Note: This is an Alberta Ambassador…
OBJECTIVE: Life course studies of schizophrenia that have used a 3-phase model (onset,course, and outcome) have had their use restricted owing to differences in definition and methodology. The purpose of this investigation was to describe life course data in mathematical terms and to compare the results with the findings from other life course studies.
Abstract: Within the school system, children with mental illness receive a variety of services that arise because of their conditions, and that require resources that exceed those provided to other students. Some of these services fall into the category of "specialized mental health" services, while others are additional services provided by teachers as part of their routine activities.…
Objective: In Canada charitable or nonprofit organizations provide government-contracted mental health and addictions services, and they augment government funding by raising charitable revenues. This study estimated by source the revenues of nonprofit mental health and addictions organizations in Canada.
This review considers the evidence of benefit from use of telerehabilitation (TRH) from studies that had clinical or administrative outcomes.
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of drinking alcohol during pregnancy and examine the determinants of this behaviour.
OBJECTIVE: In 2004, the three-module, three-year long patient safety program, Managing Obstetrical Risk Efficiently (MOREOB), was introduced to all clinicians providing obstetrical services in Alberta. We report on an outcomes evaluation of this initiative.
This health technology assessment report is an overview of systematic reviews reporting on the efficacy/effectiveness of psychotherapy and/or pharmacotherapy interventions delivered within Sex Offender Treatment (SOT) programs to reduce the risk of re-offending in convicted adult male sex offenders. Information Specialist: Liz Dennett
Abstract: The article presents information on the Health Technology Assessment. Guidance for health care practices in Sweden were documented when Medical Collegium was established in 1663 to distinguish quackery from medicine and control the poisonous drugs. In early 1980s, Sweden established the Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Healthcare to assess major diseases…
OBJECTIVES: Values are intrinsic to the use of health technology assessments (HTAs) inhealth policy, but neglecting value assumptions in HTA makes their results appear more robust or normatively neutral than may be the case. Results of a 2003 survey by the International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) revealed the existence of disparate methods…
This background document outlines the methods used to develop the Alberta Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the Evidence-Informed Primary Care Management of Low Back Pain, which was produced as part of the second phase of the Alberta Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Ambassador Program. Link to Alberta Ambassador Guideline Adaptation Program
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the cost-effectiveness of 21 alternativecervical cancer screening (CCS) strategies.
PURPOSE: A study was undertaken to evaluate the utilization rates of routine preoperativeelectrocardiogram (ECG) and chest x-ray (CXR) by sex, age, and most frequent surgery type, and to estimate the total cost of these screening tests.
BACKGROUND: There is an extensive body of literature on health system quality reporting that has yet to be characterized. Scoping is a novel methodology for systematically assessing the breadth of a body of literature in a particular research area. Our objectives were to showcase the scoping review methodology in the review of health system quality reporting, and to reporton…